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Cytokines Cell Mol Ther. 1997 Jun;3(2):75-80.

G-CSF activates STAT pathways in Kasumi-1 myeloid leukemic cells with the t(8; 21) translocation: basis for potential therapeutic efficacy.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire Hématopoïétique, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.


In an attempt to find new agents that promote differentiation and have therapeutic potential in acute myeloid leukemias, we have studied the effect of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) on the Kasumi-1 AML2 t(8; 21) cell line. Upon incubation with rhG-CSF (0.2-2000 ng/ml), Kasumi-1 cells showed a peak of cell growth, with a subsequent decrease of cell survival after 4 days of culture. At that time, more than 80% of the cell population expressed myeloid differentiation antigens (CD11b, CD13, CD15 and CDw85), and increased G-CSF receptors. Gel shift assays were performed with nuclear extracts of Kasumi-1 cells after 1, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 60 min incubations with G-CSF and oligonucleotides containing the high-affinity SIF-binding site. At least three specific complexes were obtained, and shown by supershift assays to be STAT3/STAT3, STAT1/STAT3 and STAT1/STAT1 dimers. These results suggest that in G-CSF-sensitive Kasumi-1 cells, normal JAK-STAT pathways are activated, providing a further molecular basis for the effect of G-CSF in these cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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