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Cardiology. 1997 Sep-Oct;88(5):460-7.

Can ECG changes predict the long-term outcome in patients admitted to hospital for suspected acute myocardial infarction?

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Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia.


7,028 patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction and discharged alive from hospital were followed in a 10-year community-based study. The long-term prognosis was relatively good if the electrocardiograms (ECGs) were normal (5-year all-cause death rate 5%), poor with uncodable ECGs showing rhythm or conduction disturbances (37%), and intermediate with new Q wave, new ST elevation, new T wave inversion or ischemic ECG (17-21%), and with new ST depression (27%). Similar patterns were found for ischemic cardiac death and reinfarction. The long-term prognosis of patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction is relatively good if the ECGs are normal and poor if ECGs are uncodable. ST depression may be a marker for a worse long-term outcome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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