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Biol Signals. 1997 May-Jun;6(3):143-9.

Effects of inhibitors of RNA and protein synthesis on the subcellular distribution of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor, eIF-5A, and the HIV-1 Rev protein.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pa 19486, USA.


The subcellular distributions of the endogenous eukaryotic translation initiation factor, eIF-5A, and Rev, a protein of the human immunodeficiency virus proposed to interact with eIF-5A, were studied in COS-7 cells treated with inhibitors of RNA or protein synthesis. We have previously shown that transiently expressed Rev is localized in the nucleolus, whereas eIF-5A is primarily in the cytoplasm. The subcellular localization of Rev was not affected by treatment with protein synthesis inhibitors (cycloheximide, CHX, 10 micrograms/ml; puromycin, 10 micrograms/ml), although its location changed from predominantly the nucleolus to the cytoplasm after treatment with RNA synthesis inhibitors (actinomycin D, 4 micrograms/ml, and 5,6-dichloro-1 beta-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole, DRB; 0.1 mM), as previously reported. In contrast, none of the RNA synthesis inhibitors (alpha-amanitin, 10 micrograms/ml; actinomycin D, 4 micrograms/ml, and DRB, 0.1 mM) caused any significant changes in the subcellular distribution pattern of eIF-5A. However, treatment with puromycin, a protein synthesis inhibitor known to dissociate ribosomes, dramatically altered the subcellular distribution pattern of eIF-5A in 30% of the cell population. In these cells, the staining of eIF-5A was changed from an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) net work-like perinuclear structure to a patched dotted pattern dispersed throughout the cytoplasm. This change was not observed in the same cells stained for calnexin, an ER resident protein, nor in cells treated with CHX, which freezes the ribosomes to block protein synthesis. Our data suggest that eIF-5A does not shuttle between the nucleus and cytoplasm in the same way as Rev. Our findings are consistent with our previous conclusion that eIF-5A is associated with the ER through ribosomes and support a role for eIF-5A in protein synthesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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