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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1997 Aug;62(2):129-37.

Enantioselective hydroxylation of omeprazole catalyzed by CYP2C19 in Swedish white subjects.

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Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Technology, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden.


Stereoselective disposition of omeprazole and its formed 5-hydroxy metabolite were studied in five poor metabolizers and five extensive metabolizers of S-mephenytoin. After a single oral dose of omeprazole (20 mg), the plasma concentrations of the separate enantiomers of the parent drug and the 5-hydroxy metabolite were determined for 10 hours after drug intake. In poor metabolizers, the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve [AUC(0-8)] of (+)-omeprazole was larger and that of the 5-hydroxy metabolite of this enantiomer was smaller than the AUC(0-8) values in extensive metabolizers (p < 0.001). The mean AUC(0-8) of the (-)-enantiomer of omeprazole was also higher in poor metabolizers than in extensive metabolizers, but only 3.1-fold compared with 7.5-fold for (+)-omeprazole. The rate of formation of the hydroxy metabolite from (-)-omeprazole was low and not significantly different in poor and extensive metabolizers. These results show that (+)-omeprazole is to a major extent hydroxylated by CYP2C19. Also (-)-omeprazole may partly be metabolized by this enzyme but is mainly metabolized by another enzyme, presumably CYP3A4, to the achiral sulfone metabolite. The plasma concentration ratio of omeprazole to 5-hydroxyomeprazole obtained 3 hours after the drug intake has been used to distinguish between extensive and poor metabolizer phenotypes. With use of the ratio between the (+)-enantiomers of the parent drug and the metabolite, a better discrimination between phenotypes was obtained. The ratio between the (-)-enantiomers also separated the phenotypes but was less discriminatory. For the future, measurement of total concentrations will suffice for phenotyping.

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