Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Physiol Zool. 1997 Sep-Oct;70(5):511-8.

Influence of environmental salinity on routine metabolic rate and critical oxygen tension of Cyprinodon variegatus.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA. dennis.haney@furman.edu

Abstract

We examined the influence of a wide range of environmental salinities on routine metabolic rate and critical oxygen tension in Cyprinodon variegatus, a common coastal resident of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. C. variegatus lives in ambient salinities ranging from freshwater to 142/1000, with fish used in this study obtained from a Gulf of Mexico salt marsh near Cedar Key, Florida. In a steady state experiment, routine metabolic rate and critical oxygen tension were determined at salinities ranging from 0/1000 to 100/1000. Measures of routine metabolic rate and critical oxygen tension were unaffected by changes in salinity between 0/1000 and 40/1000. However, routine metabolic rate declined and critical oxygen tension increased progressively at salinities above 40/1000. The reduction in routine metabolic rate and rise in critical oxygen tension correlates with a reduced ability of C. variegatus to osmoregulate effectively at high salinities. The variations in routine metabolic rate and critical oxygen tension at high salinities suggest that C. variegatus responds to high salinities by reducing energy expenditures, effectively increasing the time that individuals can tolerate hypersaline conditions.

PMID:
9279918
DOI:
10.1086/515867
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center