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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1997 Aug;44(2):199-202.

Investigation of multiple dose citalopram on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of racemic warfarin.

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H. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark.



An open, controlled, randomized, crossover study was conducted in healthy males to assess the possible occurrence of a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic interaction between warfarin and the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor citalopram.


Twelve subjects received a single 25 mg dose of racemic warfarin either alone or on Day 15 of a 21-day oral dosing regimen of 40 mg citalopram daily. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis were obtained over a 168 h period after warfarin dosing. The degree of anticoagulation was assessed by the prothrombin time.


Citalopram produced no change in the pharmacokinetics of (R)- and (S)-warfarin, indicating that citalopram does not alter the metabolism of warfarin mediated via CYP1A2, CYP3A4 and CYP2C9. Citalopram coadministration resulted in a statistically significant increase in the maximum prothrombin time (R(max); by 1.6 +/- 3.0 s) and the area under the prothrombin time-time curve (AUC(PT); by 5.0 +/- 5.7%). The 90% confidence intervals for R(max) and AUC(PT) ratios (citalopram + warfarin/warfarin alone) were 1.01-1.10 and 1.03-1.07, respectively.


The small increase in prothrombin time observed in this study with coadministration of citalopram and warfarin is not considered to be of importance in the clinical setting.

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