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Am J Physiol. 1997 Aug;273(2 Pt 1):L445-50.

Effects of reactive metabolites of oxygen and nitrogen on gelatinase A activity.

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1
Department of Medicine, Overton Brooks Veterans Affairs, Shreveport, Louisiana, USA.

Abstract

The regulation of matrix metalloproteinase activity is crucial for maintaining the proper balance of tissue remodeling vs. injury. Metalloproteinase proenzymes are activated when the active site zinc is exposed via a cysteine switch mechanism. Peroxynitrite, the product generated from the interaction between nitric oxide and superoxide, has been shown to release zinc from zinc-thiolate groups, suggesting that it might alter metalloproteinase activity. This study examined the effects of nitric oxide and superoxide generators on gelatinase A activity. Results showed that nitric oxide alone had no effect on gelatinase A activity relative to control, whereas superoxide-derived metabolites increased activity. The simultaneous generation of both nitric oxide and superoxide caused an inhibition of gelatinase A activity. This inhibition was reversed by the addition of hemoglobin, superoxide dismutase, or sodium urate, suggesting that peroxynitrite and/or peroxynitrous acid caused the inhibition. Authentic peroxynitrite also inhibited gelatinase A activity. We postulate that the relative fluxes of nitric oxide and superoxide at sites of inflammation may modulate metalloproteinase activity and thus affect matrix protein metabolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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