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Plant Physiol. 1997 Aug;114(4):1293-305.

Acidic phosphoprotein complex of the 60S ribosomal subunit of maize seedling roots. Components and changes in response to flooding.

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Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside 92521-0124, USA.


We determined that ribosomes of seedling roots of maize (Zea mays L.) contain the acidic phosphoproteins (P-proteins) known to form a flexible lateral stalk structure of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. The P-protein stalk, composed of P0, P1, and P2, interacts with elongation factors, mRNA, and tRNA during translation. Acidic proteins of 13 to 15.5 kD were released as a complex from ribosomes with 0.4 M NH4Cl/50% ethanol. Protein and cDNA sequence analysis confirmed that maize ribosomes contain one type of P1, two types of P2, and a fourth and novel P1/P2-type protein. This novel P-protein, designated P3, has the conserved C terminus of P1 and P2. P1, P2, and P3 are similar in deduced mass (11.4-12.2 kD) and isoelectric point (4.1-4.3). A 35.5- to 36-kD acidic protein was released at low levels from ribosomes with 1.0 M NH4Cl/50% ethanol and identified as P0. Labeling of roots with [32P]inorganic phosphate confirmed the in vivo phosphorylation of the P-proteins. Flooding caused dynamic changes in the P-protein complex, which affected the potential of ribosome-associated kinases and casein kinase II to phosphorylate the P-proteins. We discuss possible alterations of the ribosomal P-protein complex and consider that these changes may be involved in the selective translation of mRNA in flooded roots.

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