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J Dairy Res. 1997 Aug;64(3):433-43.

Isolation and identification of further peptides in the diafiltration retentate of the water-soluble fraction of Cheddar cheese.

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Department of Food Chemistry, University College, Cork, Irish Republic.


Several peptides were isolated from the diafiltration retentate, prepared using 10 kDa membranes, of the water-soluble extract from a commercial mature Cheddar cheese and identified by amino acid sequencing and mass spectrometry. Most of the peptides were from the N-terminal half of the beta-casein, but peptides from alpha s1- and alpha s2-caseins were also identified; the extract also contained alpha-lactalbumin. Identified peptides showed the important role played by lactococcal cell envelope proteinases in the degradation of primary proteolytic products from alpha s1- and beta-caseins, produced by chymosin and plasmin respectively. Plasmin seemed to be involved in the hydrolysation of alpha s2-casein. Several phosphopeptides were identified and the action of phosphatase on these peptides was evident.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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