Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1997 Aug;100(2):229-34.

Quantification of the major brown shrimp allergen Pen a 1 (tropomyosin) by a monoclonal antibody-based sandwich ELISA.

Author information

1
Tulane University Medical Center, Department of Medicine. New Orleans, La. 70112, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Among 13 allergens found in extracts of cooked brown shrimp (Penaeus aztecus) the 36 kd muscle protein tropomyosin has been identified as the only major shrimp allergen (Pen a 1). Cross-reacting molecules with similar molecular weights were detected in other crustacea species such as crab, lobster, and crawfish. Because Pen a 1 and Pen a 1-like allergens are important in crustacea allergy, the aim of this study was to develop a monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based sandwich ELISA to quantify Pen a 1 and to evaluate Pen a 1 levels in four commercial shrimp, crab, and lobster extracts.

METHODS:

Two Pen a 1-specific mAbs with different epitope specificities were selected. ELISA plates coated with captured mAb 3.2 were incubated with samples containing Pen a 1. Bound Pen a 1 was detected by a combination of biotinylated mAb 4.9.5 and alkaline phosphatase-labeled streptavidin.

RESULTS:

The optimized sandwich ELISA could detect Pen a 1 concentrations ranging from 4 to 125 ng/ml. Four commercial shrimp extracts demonstrated a 40-fold difference in Pen a 1 levels (24 to 920 microg/ml). Crab and lobster extracts contained detectable levels of Pen a 1-like proteins. No reactivity to cockroach, house dust mite, oyster, codfish, or peanut extracts was detected, which indicates that the developed assay is crustacea-specific.

CONCLUSION:

A sensitive sandwich assay was developed to quantify Pen a 1. This assay will be helpful to standardize shrimp extracts in regard to the content of the major allergen, Pen a 1, and to study cross-reactivities among and evaluate occupational exposure to different crustacea species.

PMID:
9275145
DOI:
10.1016/s0091-6749(97)70229-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center