Send to

Choose Destination
Endocrinology. 1997 Sep;138(9):3864-72.

24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3: an essential vitamin D3 metabolite for both normal bone integrity and healing of tibial fracture in chicks.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA.


We tested the hypothesis that 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24R,25-(OH)2D3] is an essential vitamin D metabolite for the development of normal bone integrity and the healing of fractures. The natural 24R,25-(OH)2D3 and its synthetic epimer 24S,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24S,25-(OH)2D3] were tested alone or in combination with 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25-(OH)2D3], on normal bone development and other related variables of the Ca2+ homeostasis system [serum Ca2+, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3), 24,25-(OH)2D3, and 1alpha,25-(OH)2D3 levels] in chicks. Mechanical testing of torsional strength was carried out on the femur. 24R,25-(OH)2D3 (80 nmol/kg diet) alone was sufficient for normal bone growth and integrity similar to that achieved by the vitamin D3-replete controls. Next, chicks were fed a 25OHD3-replete diet (75 nmol/kg diet) for 8 days after hatching, and then 25OHD3 was withdrawn to minimize any residual circulating metabolites before the imposition of standardized tibial fractures 14 days later. Vitamin D metabolites were administered for 2 weeks to determine their effects on the mechanical properties of healed tibia. 24S,25-(OH)2D3 combined with 1alpha,25-(OH)2D3 or 1alpha,25-(OH)2D3 alone resulted in poor healing [strength values of 0.158 +/- 0.011 and 0.123 +/- 0.009 Nm (Newton x meter), respectively] compared with that in the 25OHD3-treated control group (0.374 +/- 0.029 Nm). In contrast, the fractured tibia of the birds fed 24R,25-(OH)2D3 in combination with 1alpha,25-(OH)2D3 showed healing equivalent to that in the control group, with strength values of 0.296 +/- 0.043 Nm. These results suggest that when 24R,25-(OH)2D3 is present at normal physiological concentrations, it is an essential vitamin D3 metabolite for both normal bone integrity and healing of fracture in chicks.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center