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J Virol Methods. 1997 Aug;67(1):35-44.

Differentiation of the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.

Author information

1
National Institute for Veterinary Research, Brussels (Ukkel), Belgium. mical@var.fgov.be

Abstract

A strategy for reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using multiple primers was developed to detect and to differentiate the seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) simultaneously, quickly and accurately. The development of the test was carried out on virus isolates grown in tissue culture prior to cDNA synthesis and PCR using various sets of primers. Primers P33 and P32 were used for the consensus PCR to detect FMDV regardless of the serotype. Positive cDNA was assayed in two multi-primer PCR mixes containing type-specific primers capable of distinguishing between the seven serotypes. The serotype-specific primers were selected to correspond to regions of the genome coding for parts of the VP1 polypeptide that is responsible for the antigenic diversity of the virus group. Multi-primer mix P33-P(A-C-O-ASIA 1) gave products of 732, 596, 402, 292 bp for the A,C,O and ASIA 1 serotypes, respectively, and no target products for South African Territories serotypes (SAT 1, SAT 2 and SAT 3). The multi-primer mix P33-P(A-C-O-ASIA 1) was also capable of detecting a mixture of two different serotypes. Multi-primer mix P1-P(SAT 1-3-2) gave products of 246, 201 and 75 bp for the SAT 1, SAT 3 and SAT 2 serotypes, respectively, and no specific products for serotypes A, C, O and ASIA 1. This is the first PCR assay to be described that differentiates between the SAT serotypes of FMDV. The method has been applied to 25 cell-culture-derived isolates of the SAT serotypes of FMDV and the results were totally compatible with the standard techniques for FMDV detection and serotyping.

PMID:
9274816
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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