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J Arthroplasty. 1995 Oct;10(5):683-8.

Total hip arthroplasty cemented femoral component distal stem centralizer. Effect on stem centralization and cement mantle.

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Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.


The effectiveness, benefits, and potential risks of employing a total hip arthroplasty cemented femoral component distal centralizer were evaluated. First postoperative (6-week) radiographs of 100 primary hybrid total hip arthroplasties in consecutive groups of 50 patients without and 50 patients with a femoral stem distal centralizer were retrospectively reviewed. Femoral stems with a distal centralizer were more centralized within the femoral canal (center of stem tip to center of intramedullary canal: mean, 1.1 mm with a centralizer, 3.2 mm without; P<.0001) and more neutrally aligned (mean, 0.7 degrees valgus with a centralizer, 1.3 degrees valgus without; P < .01). Femoral stems with a distal centralizer were less likely to have a cement mantle with suboptimal thickness, that is, less than 2 mm at the medial distal femoral stem (3 of 50 stems with a centralizer, 22 of 50 stems without; chi-square, P<.0001). There were no complications, adverse effects on the cement mantle, radiographic evidence of loosening, or implant failures associated with the use of a distal centralizer, with a minimum follow-up period of 2 years.

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