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J Neurosci Res. 1997 Jul 15;49(2):229-35.

beta-amyloid protein enhances macrophage production of oxygen free radicals and glutamate.

Author information

1
Kinsmen Laboratory of Neurological Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. kinsmen@unixg.ubc.ca

Abstract

Cells of the monocyte phagocytic system can generate superoxide and glutamate anions, both of which are neurotoxic at high levels. We used rat peritoneal macrophages as a model system to test the effects of various stimulants on the production of these molecules. Glutamate production by such cells was enhanced, in a concentration-dependent manner, by treatment with serum-opsonized zymosan (OZ), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), and beta-amyloid peptide Abeta (1-40); but not by treatment with the reverse Abeta (40-1) or the Abeta (25-35) subfragment. Superoxide anion production by the cells was stimulated by OZ, PMA, Abeta (1-40), and Abeta (25-35). Moreover, Abeta and its subfragment, when used as priming agents, also enhanced the stimulatory effect of PMA. However, they did not act as priming agents for OZ, suggesting a competition for receptors or intracellular signaling pathways linked to those receptors. Inflammatory mediators, including Abeta, could place glutamate-sensitive neurons at risk by enhancing glutamate and oxygen free radical production by monocyte-derived cells. Such mechanisms could contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease.

PMID:
9272645
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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