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Dev Biol Stand. 1997;89:175-9.

Factors influencing the analysis of secondary prevention of pertussis.

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1
Institut für Hygiene und Labormedizin, Klinikum Krefeld, FRG.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate factors that influenced the spread of pertussis in secondary contacts after household exposure. The data were acquired during a prospective household-contact study into the efficacy of an acellular vaccine. The spread of the disease was monitored with respect to various case definitions of pertussis, socio-economic factors, household composition, and antibiotic therapy. A total of 453 index cases had contact with 173 unvaccinated children aged from 6 to 47 months. Depending on the clinical case definition, the attack rates (AR) in children with a laboratory-confirmed Bordetella infection increased from 55% for the WHO definition to 69%, when a less stringent definition was used. AR in children were independent of age and gender. The social status of the family had no significant influence on the AR in children. Erythromycin treatment of the index case reduced the AR from 64% to 51% (p = 0.08). These factors should be taken into consideration when studies into the secondary prevention of pertussis by acellular vaccines are initiated.

PMID:
9272349
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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