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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1997;40(5):425-32.

A novel quinoline derivative, MS-209, overcomes drug resistance of human lung cancer cells expressing the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan.



MS-209 is a newly synthesized quinoline compound used orally to overcome human P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR). The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene is thought to play an important role in MDR in lung cancer. To investigate whether MS-209 could also overcome MRP-mediated MDR, we examined the effect of the compound using a cytotoxicity assay on MDR1 gene-negative drug-selected MDR and wildtype lung cancer cells with various levels of MRP gene expression. The effects of MS-209 were compared with those of verapamil (VER) and cyclosporin A (CsA). The level of MRP gene expression in the cells was evaluated semiquantitatively by RT-PCR. For vincristine (VCR), intracellular accumulation of [3H]-VCR was measured with or without MS-209.


In MDR UMCC-1/VP small-cell lung carcinoma cell line, 5 microM of MS-209 and VER enhanced the cytotoxicity of etoposide, doxorubicin (DOX) and VCR more than twofold, and completely reversed the resistance to VCR. The mean reversing effects of MS-209 on DOX and VCR were significantly stronger than those of VER and CsA. In wildtype non-small-cell lung carcinoma cells, the effects of MS-209 were almost equal to those of VER and CsA. The effect of these three agents correlated with the level of MRP gene expression. The MS-209-induced increase in intracellular accumulation of VCR was proportional to the level of MRP gene expression in these cells.


Our results indicate that MS-209 is a potentially useful drug that can overcome MRP-mediated intrinsic and acquired MDR in human lung cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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