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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1997 Aug 15;153(2):405-9.

The NAD synthetase NadE (OutB) of Bacillus subtilis is a sigma B-dependent general stress protein.

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Institut für Mikrobiologie und Molekularbiologie, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Greifswald, Germany.


The identification of sigma B-dependent general stress proteins is a useful strategy to understand the physiological role of the unspecific stress response in Bacillus subtilis. By N-terminal sequencing of B. subtilis stress proteins Gsp38 was identified as the NAD-synthetase (NadE). NadE was previously characterized as spore outgrowth factor B (OutB) conferring a temperature-sensitive spore outgrowth defective phenotype. Transcriptional studies showed that nadE is strongly induced in response to heat, ethanol and salt stress or after starvation for glucose in a sigma B-dependent manner. Two promoters are involved in transcriptional initiation, the sigma A-dependent upstream promoter contributes to the basal level during growth, whereas the sigma B-dependent downstream promoter is induced after different stress conditions.

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