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Lipids. 1997 Aug;32(8):833-7.

Characterization of polar and nonpolar seed lipid classes from highly saturated fatty acid sunflower mutants.

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Instituto de la Grasa, CSIC, Sevilla, Spain.


The seed lipids from five sunflower mutants, two with high palmitic acid contents, one of them in high oleic background, and three with high stearic acid contents, have been characterized. All lipid classes of these mutant seeds have increased saturated fatty acid content although triacylglycerols had the highest levels. The increase in saturated fatty acids was mainly at the expense of oleic acid while linoleic acid levels remained unchanged. No difference between mutants and standard sunflower lines used as controls was found in minor fatty acids: linolenic, arachidic, and behenic. In the high-palmitic mutants palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) and some palmitolinoleic acid (16:2n-7, 16:2n-4) also appeared. Phosphatidylinositol, the lipid with the highest palmitic acid content in controls, also had the highest content of palmitic or stearic acids, depending on the mutant type, suggesting that saturated fatty acids are needed for its physiological function. Positional analysis showed that mutant oils have very low content of saturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols, between the content of olive oil and cocoa butter.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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