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Neurology. 1997 Aug;49(2):528-32.

Relationship between mesial temporal seizure focus and elevated serum prolactin in temporal lobe epilepsy.

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1
Department of Neurology, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

We evaluated the relationship between mesial temporal seizure focus and serum prolactin (PRL) in patients before and after they underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). These patients had a confirmed unilateral epileptogenic focus in mesial temporal structures, a postictal rise in serum PRL 15 to 20 minutes after onset of complex partial seizures, and were refractory for more than 2 years to antiepileptic drugs. Presurgical interictal serum PRL levels were significantly elevated (16.47 +/- 0.85 ng/mL, n = 62) and declined after ATL to normal values (patients, 9.63 +/- 0.55 ng/mL, n = 54; normal subjects, 8.99 +/- 0.57 ng/mL, n = 52). Serial evaluations indicated that normalization was seen 3 months after surgery (9.42 +/- 1.22 ng/mL, n = 9). The postsurgical reduction in serum PRL was similar in men and women, in patients with epileptogenic focus on either side of mesial temporal structures, and was unaffected by antiepileptic medication. We conclude that PRL is elevated following seizures and that a seizure focus in mesial temporal structures may exert a sustained excitatory influence on PRL release in patients with medically intractable TLE.

PMID:
9270590
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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