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Br J Haematol. 1997 Aug;98(2):474-9.

Crossover study of the haematological effects and pharmacokinetics of glycosylated and non-glycosylated G-CSF in healthy volunteers.

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University College London Medical School.


A cross-over study of glycosylated and non-glycosylated G-CSF was performed in 20 healthy male volunteers to compare the effects of the different forms of G-CSF, the extent of inter-individual progenitor cell mobilization and to determine whether any differences observed were related to the serum concentrations of G-CSF attained. The peak WBC achieved during 6 d of G-CSF administration at a dose of 5 microg/kg/d was significantly higher with the glycosylated than the non-glycosylated product (P = 0.02) as was the peak level of granulocyte-monocyte colony forming cells (GM-CFC) (P=0.03). The average GM-CFC count on days 5, 6 and 7 was 28% higher with the glycosylated product (P=0.003). Serum concentrations of G-CSF achieved were significantly higher with the non-glycosylated G-CSF, however, suggesting that the difference in bio-efficacy was not due to a difference in G-CSF stability. Marked inter-individual variation in progenitor mobilization was observed, but this was not related to serum G-CSF levels. The G-CSF concentrations on day 6 were approximately one third of those on day 1, with both forms of G-CSF.

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