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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Aug 8;237(1):79-83.

Cloning and functional analysis of new members of STAT induced STAT inhibitor (SSI) family: SSI-2 and SSI-3.

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  • 1Department of Medicine III, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.


Upon the corresponding ligand's stimulation, the cytokine receptors activate several signal pathways: JAK-STAT pathway, Ras-MAP kinase pathway and so on. Recently, we demonstrated that one of the STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-3) target genes could suppress the function of STAT3 and designated as SSI-1(STAT induced STAT inhibitor-1). SSI-1 is thought to play a critical role in negative feedback control of JAK-STAT signaling pathway. In the present study, we identified two novel human genes which products have homologous region in their SH2 domain and its COOH-terminal region to mouse SSI-1. Northern blotting analysis and functional studies demonstrated that SSI-2 and SSI-3 mRNA were also induced by cytokine stimulation and their forced expression in mouse myeloid leukemia cell, M1, suppressed the apoptotic effect of LIF, like SSI-1. We also demonstrated the structure of human SSI-1.

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