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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1997 Sep;58(1):103-8.

Dopaminergic and cholinergic interaction in cataleptic responses in mice.

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  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Japan.


The cataleptogenic effects of haloperidol, a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist; SCH23390, a D1 receptor antagonist; physostigmine, a cholinesterase inhibitor; and pilocarpine, a muscarinic M1 receptor agonist, were challenged by pretreatment of mice with SKF38393, a dopamine D1 receptor agonist; apomorphine, a dopamine D1/D2 receptor agonist (mainly D2 receptor); pirenzepine, a muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist; and scopolamine, a muscarinic M1/M2 receptor antagonist. The effect of physostigmine and pilocarpine on haloperidol and SCH23390 cataleptic responses was also examined. Each of the challenging agents blocked one or more of the cataleptogenic agents, but only scopolamine blocked all four. Pirenzepine blocked cataleptic responses induced by SCH23390 and pilocarpine, but not those by haloperidol and physostigmine. The results of this study suggest that the action of physostigmine (endogenous acetylcholine) on M2 receptors might be more potent than that on muscarinic M1 receptors. A further interesting observation was that the haloperidol-induced catalepsy was enhanced by physostigmine pretreatment, but not by pilocarpine pretreatment, whereas the SCH23390-induced catalepsy showed the opposite spectrum of enhancement by the two cholinergic agonists. We conclude that, although the four cataleptogenic agents act via the dopaminergic-cholinergic systems, their pharmacological differences may be due largely to the different receptor subtypes that are involved in the mediation of catalepsy produced by each agent. Thus, dopamine receptors not only influence the cholinergic muscarinic receptors, but muscarinic M1 and M2 receptors also might mediate dopamine D1 and D2 receptor responses, respectively. The results suggest that there are, at the least, relationships between muscarinic M1 receptors and dopaminergic D1 receptors, and between muscarinic M2 receptors and dopaminergic D2 receptors. Dopamine D1 and D2 receptors may interact in a synergistic fashion on dopaminergic systems, but act independently of each other in influencing other system such as cholinergic neurons.

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