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Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 Aug;124(2):253-5.

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children and adolescents.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, FL 33136, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate sex distribution, frequency of obesity, and other associated conditions among children and adolescents with idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients aged 18 years or younger diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension between 1988 and 1995 at two medical centers. Meta-analyses were performed using our data pooled with published information.

RESULTS:

Of 374 patients, 175 (46.8%) were male and 199 (53.2%) were female. Obesity was noted in 50 (29.6%) of the 169 patients for whom relevant data are available, and other associated conditions were noted in 185 (53.2%) of the 348 patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension among children and adolescents affects boys and girls equally; concurrent obesity occurs less frequently than in adults; and other associated conditions or secondary causes are common.

PMID:
9262557
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9394(14)70798-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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