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Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 1997 May;44(5):400-10.

[Current status of HIV infection in Yunnan Province of China].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Expert Service Division, International Medical Center of Japan.

Abstract

In cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine and Yunnan Province Provincial Office for AIDS Control and Prevention, we studied the current status of HIV infection intravenous drug users (IVDUs) and other high risk groups in Yunnan province of China. As of the end of 1995, 1,807 HIV cases were officially reported (Positive rate was 0.6%), of which 1,278 (77.9%) were IVDUs, and 24 were their spouses. The majority of cases were found among the Dai minority male farmers near Ruili which borders on Myammar, but HIV also appears to be spreading among the Han people. HIV antibody positive rates among commercial sex workers, pregnant women and blood donors were 0.2%, 0.07% and 0.04%, respectively. A system for surveillance of HIV has been developed, but preventive strategies to cope with HIV epidemic are not sufficient. As HIV/AIDS is now a global issue, (1) the integration and coordination of such preventive strategies in cooperation with community health workers, (2) general health education for condom use promotion and (3) care of psychological vulnerable person such as IVDUs, should be developed.

PIP:

In cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine and the Yunnan Provincial Office for AIDS Control and Prevention, the authors studied the current status of HIV infection among intravenous drug users (IVDUs) and other high-risk groups in Yunnan province, China. As of the end of 1995, 1807 HIV cases had been officially reported (positive rate was 0.6%), of which 1278 (77.9 %) were IVDUs and 24 were their spouses. The majority of cases were found among the Dai minority male farmers near Ruili, which borders on Myanmar, but HIV also appears to be spreading among the Han people. HIV antibody positive rates among commercial sex workers, pregnant women, and blood donors were 0.2%, 0.07%, and 0.04%, respectively. A system for surveillance of HIV has been developed, but preventive strategies to cope with the HIV epidemic are not sufficient. As HIV/AIDS is now a global issue, the integration and coordination of such preventive strategies in cooperation with community health workers, general health education for condom use promotion, and care of psychologically vulnerable people such as IVDUs should be developed.

PMID:
9261209
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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