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J Biol Chem. 1997 Aug 22;272(34):21317-24.

Differential coupling of muscarinic m2 and m3 receptors to adenylyl cyclases V/VI in smooth muscle. Concurrent M2-mediated inhibition via Galphai3 and m3-mediated stimulation via Gbetagammaq.

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  • 1Departments of Physiology and Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0711, USA.


Muscarinic m2 and m4 receptors couple preferentially to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, whereas m1, m3, and m5 receptors couple preferentially to activation of phospholipase C-beta and in some cells to stimulation of cAMP. Smooth muscle cells were shown to express adenylyl cyclases types V and/or VI. Acetylcholine (ACh) stimulated the binding of [35S]GTPgammaS.Galpha complexes in smooth muscle membranes to Galphaq/11 and Galphai3 antibody. Binding to Galphaq/11 antibody was inhibited by the m3 receptor antagonist, 4-DAMP, and binding to Galphai3 antibody was inhibited by the m2 receptor antagonist, N,N'-bis[6[[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]amino]hexyl]-1,8-octanediamine tetrahydrochloride (methoctramine). The decrease in basal cAMP (35 +/- 5%) induced by ACh in dispersed muscle cells was accentuated by 4-DAMP or Gbeta antibody (55 +/- 8 to 63 +/- 6%). In contrast, methoctramine, pertussis toxin (PTx), or Galphai3 antibody converted the decrease in cAMP to increase above basal level (+28 +/- 5 to +32 +/- 6%); the increase in cAMP was abolished by 4-DAMP or Gbeta antibody. In muscle cells where only m3 receptors were preserved by selective receptor protection, ACh caused only an increase in cAMP that was abolished by 4-DAMP. Conversely, in muscle cells where only m2 receptors were preserved, ACh caused an accentuated decrease in cAMP that was abolished by methoctramine or PTx. In conclusion, m2 receptors in smooth muscle couple to inhibition of adenylyl cyclases V/VI via Galphai3, and m3 receptors couple to activation of the enzymes via Gbetagammaq/11.

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