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Protein Sci. 1997 Aug;6(8):1701-7.

Coupling backbone flexibility and amino acid sequence selection in protein design.

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Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA.


Using a protein design algorithm that considers side-chain packing quantitatively, the effect of explicit backbone motion on the selection of amino acids in protein design was assessed in the core of the streptococcal protein G beta 1 domain (G beta 1). Concerted backbone motion was introduced by varying G beta 1's supersecondary structure parameter values. The stability and structural flexibility of seven of the redesigned proteins were determined experimentally and showed that core variants containing as many as 6 of 10 possible mutations retain native-like properties. This result demonstrates that backbone flexibility can be combined explicitly with amino acid side-chain selection and that the selection algorithm is sufficiently robust to tolerate perturbations as large as 15% of G beta 1's native supersecondary structure parameter values.

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