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Visual assessment of urethrovesical junction mobility.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


The aim of the study was to compare visual assessment of anterior vaginal wall descent with the Q-tip test in evaluating urethrovesical junction mobility. One hundred and eleven patients with prolapse and/or urinary incontinence were examined in the supine lithotomy position with an empty bladder. Maximum straining Q-tip tests and maximum descent of the anterior vaginal wall were measured. Using each centimeter of descent as a cutoff value, the sensitivities, specificities and positive and negative predictive values were compared to those of the Q-tip test. As the cut-off points were moved distally, specificity increased at the expense of sensitivity. There was no single cut-off point that provided adequate sensitivity and specificity to be clinically useful to replace the Q-tip test. It was concluded that visual assessment of anterior vaginal wall descent does not provide diagnostic accuracy and acceptable sensitivity and specificity to determine urethrovesical junction mobility. Other methods should be employed to assess support.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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