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Arthritis Rheum. 1997 Aug;40(8):1512-7.

Nitric oxide as S-nitrosoproteins in rheumatoid arthritis.

Author information

1
Hôpital Cochin, Université René Descartes, Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical involved in inflammation and immune reactions. The presence of NO is usually assessed by assaying its degradation products, nitrite and nitrate. NO binds to thiol-containing proteins to form S-nitrosoproteins (S-NP). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of S-NP, together with nitrite and nitrate, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS:

Forty patients with RA were studied and compared with 24 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 21 control subjects. Fourteen patients were treated with 3 consecutive pulses of methylprednisolone for flares of RA. Nitrite was measured by the Griess reaction, and nitrate by a spectrophotometric assay using nitrate reductase. Spectrofluorometry coupled with the inner filter effect was used for the measurement of S-NP.

RESULTS:

S-NP was detected in all RA samples, both in serum and synovial fluid (SF). Serum and articular S-NP concentrations were correlated (P < 0.03). In RA, nitrite and S-NP levels were higher in SF than in serum; higher SF levels of the 3 compounds were observed in RA than in OA. S-NP levels in RA patients decreased significantly (P < 0.03) after pulse methylprednisolone treatment, in parallel with the clinical improvement.

CONCLUSION:

S-NP, a biologically active form of NO, was consistently present in RA, with higher concentrations within the arthritic joint. S-NP assays should be added to nitrite and nitrate assays for the evaluation of NO metabolism. S-NP could be a stable storage form of active NO in RA, and its measurement could be useful in evaluating pharmacologic interventions that modulate NO generation.

PMID:
9259433
DOI:
10.1002/art.1780400820
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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