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Atherosclerosis. 1997 Aug;133(1):23-30.

Interleukin-2 modulates the responsiveness to angiotensin II in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.

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Department of Geriatric Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.


Preincubation with interleukin-2 (IL-2), a T cell-derived cytokine, enhanced the increase in intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) induced by angiotensin II (AII) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). IL-2 itself did not affect the basal [Ca2+]i level or the maximal response of [Ca2+]i increase induced by AII. Furthermore, IL-2-induced enhancement was not observed in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, suggesting that IL-2 enhances Ca2+ influx induced by AII. IL-2 also enhanced the stimulation of DNA synthesis induced by AII, although IL-2 alone did not stimulate DNA synthesis. Genistein, an inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinases, significantly inhibited IL-2-induced enhancement of both Ca2+ influx and DNA synthesis induced by AII. A neutralizing antibody against heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) partially inhibited IL-2-induced enhancement of DNA synthesis induced by AII. These findings suggest that autocrine HB-EGF is partially involved in the mechanism of IL-2-induced enhancement of DNA synthesis. On the other hand IL-2 stimulated both glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and prostacyclin syntheses and enhanced the stimulation of both GAG and prostacyclin syntheses induced by AII. Therefore, IL-2 may play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and vascular disease by modulating the responsiveness to AII in VSMC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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