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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1997 Aug;56(8):901-11.

Glutamate transporter alterations in Alzheimer disease are possibly associated with abnormal APP expression.

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University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosciences, La Jolla 92093-0624, USA.


Recent studies have shown that deficient functioning of glutamate transporters (GTs) in Alzheimer disease (AD) might lead to neurodegeneration. The main objectives of the present study were to determine which GT subtype is most affected in AD and to asses to what extent altered GT function is associated with abnormal amyloid precursor protein (APP) expression. While EAAT2-immunoreactivity (IR) was decreased in AD frontal cortex, EAAT1- and EAAT3-IR were unaffected; mRNA levels for all 3 GTs were not affected. Decreased EAAT2-IR was associated with decreased GT activity. EAAT2-IR inversely correlated with EAAT2 mRNA levels, suggesting that in AD, GT expression alterations occur due to disturbance at the post-transcriptional level. EAAT2-IR was inversely correlated with APP770 mRNA. In addition, GT activity directly correlated with APP695 mRNA and total APP protein levels, and inversely correlated with APP751/770 mRNA levels. This study supports the notion that astroglial EAAT2 is affected in AD and abnormal functioning and/or processing of APP might play an important role in this process.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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