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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1997 Jul;100(1):78-86.

Enhanced expression of high-affinity IgE receptor (Fc epsilon RI) alpha chain in human allergen-induced rhinitis with co-localization to mast cells, macrophages, eosinophils, and dendritic cells.

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  • 1Upper Respiratory Medicine, Imperial College of Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, London, England.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

IgE-dependent activation of mast cells and basophils through the high-affinity IgE receptor (Fc epsilon RI) is involved in the pathogenesis of allergen-induced immediate and late responses.

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the expression and cellular distribution of Fc epsilon RI in the nasal mucosa after allergen challenge in patients with summer hay fever.

METHODS:

Fourteen grass pollen-sensitive patients and seven normal control subjects underwent nasal challenge with grass pollen and allergen diluent in random order separated by 2 weeks. Nasal airway caliber was monitored by acoustic rhinometry, and nasal biopsy was performed at 6 hours. Messenger RNA for Fc epsilon RI was determined by using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and Fc epsilon RI protein expression was determined by immunohistology with a mouse monoclonal antibody (22E7) and a rabbit polyclonal antibody (997) directed against the alpha subunit. Co-localization of Fc epsilon RI receptors was performed by using double-immunostaining methods.

RESULTS:

In atopic subjects, there was a significant early decrease in nasal airway caliber, which extended up to 6 hours after allergen challenge. Fc epsilon RI mRNA levels were elevated at 6 hours (p = 0.03). Cells expressing Fc epsilon RI protein were increased in patients with atopic rhinitis compared with normal control subjects (p = 0.03). Further increases in Fc epsilon RI+ cells were observed after allergen challenge only in the atopic group (p = 0.02). Double immunohistochemistry revealed that the majority of Fc epsilon RI+ cells were mast cells (64%), followed by macrophages (20%), eosinophils (4%), and dendritic cells (2%), with 10% Fc epsilon RI+ cells being unidentified.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate increased Fc epsilon RI expression during allergen-induced rhinitis and highlight a potential target for treatment.

PMID:
9257791
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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