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Am J Clin Oncol. 1997 Aug;20(4):354-7.

Gonadal function following ABVD therapy for Hodgkin's disease.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Bombay, India.

Abstract

To assess the effect of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin, bleomycin, viablastine, and decarbazine (ABVD) on gonadal function in patients treated for Hodgkin's disease, we assessed 38 male patients with Hodgkin's disease who were > 15 years of age and in complete remission for the development of secondary sexual characteristics, sexual habits, and fatherhood after treatment. Semen analysis and serum hormone level estimation of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), leutinising hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) were done in all cases. Twenty-six patients received ABVD therapy and 12 received a combination of ABVD with COPP or MOPP (cyclophosphamide or nitrogen mustard, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone). Radiation of the pelvic region was done in one case. Median time between completion of therapy and assessment of gonadal function was 34 months (range, 12-68 months). Secondary sexual characteristics developed normally in all patients. Azoospermia was seen in one patient from the ABVD group and 10 patients from the COPP/ABVD group (p < 0.001). Serum FSH levels were significantly higher in the COPP/ABVD group than in the ABVD group (23.5 versus 4.7 mlu/ml; p < 0.001) The levels were in the normal range in 23 patients from the ABVD group, as compared to four in the COPP/ABVD group (88.5% versus 33.3%; p < 0.001). Three patients treated with ABVD fathered children post-therapy. We conclude that ABVD is associated with relatively better preservation of gonadal function.

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