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Gene. 1997 Jul 9;193(2):203-10.

Cloning and characterization of the S. pombe gene efc25+, a new putative guanine nucleotide exchange factor.

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IFC1-CNRS, UPR 9044, Villejuif, France.


We report the cloning and characterization of a new S. pombe gene, efc25+, for 'exchange factor Cdc25-like'. The C-terminal region of the predicted product of this gene displays high sequence homology with a number of guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Ras. These include Cdc25 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc25 of Saccharomyces kluyveri, Csc25 of Candida albicans, Sdc25 of S. cerevisiae and Ste6 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Disruption of efc25+ resulted in cells with a spherical shape reminiscent of the abnormal morphological phenotype of ras1 deletion mutants. However, unlike ras1 null mutants, strains deleted for efc25+ were proficient for mating and sporulation. This differs from the only other Ras1 exchange factor characterized so far in S. pombe, the Ste6 protein, whose deletion results in defects in mating and sporulation but not in cell shape. We hypothesize that Efc25 is an exchange factor for Ras1 and that it is involved in a signaling pathway different from that involving Ste6.

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