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Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Sep 1;25(17):3408-14.

A prediction of the amino acids and structures involved in DNA recognition by type I DNA restriction and modification enzymes.

Author information

1
Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, The King's Buildings, University of Edinburgh, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, UK.

Abstract

The S subunits of type I DNA restriction/modification enzymes are responsible for recognising the DNA target sequence for the enzyme. They contain two domains of approximately 150 amino acids, each of which is responsible for recognising one half of the bipartite asymmetric target. In the absence of any known tertiary structure for type I enzymes or recognisable DNA recognition motifs in the highly variable amino acid sequences of the S subunits, it has previously not been possible to predict which amino acids are responsible for sequence recognition. Using a combination of sequence alignment and secondary structure prediction methods to analyse the sequences of S subunits, we predict that all of the 51 known target recognition domains (TRDs) have the same tertiary structure. Furthermore, this structure is similar to the structure of the TRD of the C5-cytosine methyltransferase, Hha I, which recognises its DNA target via interactions with two short polypeptide loops and a beta strand. Our results predict the location of these sequence recognition structures within the TRDs of all type I S subunits.

PMID:
9254696
PMCID:
PMC146914
DOI:
10.1093/nar/25.17.3408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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