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J Lipid Res. 1997 Jul;38(7):1289-98.

Apolipoproteins of HDL can directly mediate binding to the scavenger receptor SR-BI, an HDL receptor that mediates selective lipid uptake.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.


The class B type I scavenger receptor, SR-BI, binds HDL, mediates selective uptake of HDL cholesteryl esters by cultured cells, and its expression is coordinately regulated with steroidogenesis in several endocrine tissues (adrenal, ovary, testes). SR-BI can also bind LDL and anionic phospholipids, which raised the possibility that HDL apolipoproteins might not participate directly in HDL binding. We have examined the ability of individual human HDL apolipoproteins (apoA-I, apoA-II, and apoC-III) reconstituted into phospholipid/unesterified cholesterol complexes to bind to murine SR-BI (mSR-BI) expressed in stably transfected cultured cells. All three apolipoprotein/phospholipid/unesterified cholesterol complexes specifically associated with mSR-BI expressing cells with high affinity and competed for the binding of HDL, while apolipoprotein-free complexes did not. Furthermore, lipid-free forms of these soluble apolipoproteins also competed for HDL and apolipoprotein/ phospholipid/cholesterol complex association with mSR-BI, but locust high density lipophorin and bovine serum albumin were not effective competitors.Thus, all three of the HDL apolipoproteins (apoA-I, apoA-II, and apoC-III) tested can directly mediate binding to mSR-BI, and this multiligand apolipoprotein receptor may be responsible for at least some of the multilipoprotein and apolipoprotein binding activity previously observed in cells and tissues.

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