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Am J Physiol. 1997 Jul;273(1 Pt 2):H244-9.

ANP protects against reoxygenation-induced hypercontracture in adult cardiomyocytes.

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1
Physiologisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universit├Ąt, Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

It was investigated whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) or the related peptide urodilatin can be used for protecting cardiomyocytes against reoxygenation-induced hypercontracture. Isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes (from adult rats) were used as the experimental model. When the cells were submitted to substrate-free anoxia (135 min) and subsequent reoxygenation (30 min), the onset of reoxygenation provoked their hypercontracture. It was studied whether the temporary presence of ANP or urodilatin (1 nM to 1 microM) or 8-bromo-guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-BrcGMP; 1 microM to 1 mM) during the last 15 min of anoxia and the first 15 min of reoxygenation prevented hypercontracture. It was found that ANP (1 microM) prevented hypercontracture in 82 +/- 8% (SD), urodilatin (1 microM) in 80 +/- 9%, and 8-BrcGMP (1 mM) in 72 +/- 10% of the cells (n = 40 cells). When ANP (1 microM) was added during the last 15 min of anoxia and the first 15 min of reoxygenation, the cellular concentration of cGMP increased from 0.41 +/- 0.04 to 2.80 +/- 0.81 pmol/mg protein (n = 6 cultures). The results show that the reoxygenation-induced hypercontracture in cardiomyocytes can be attenuated by the temporary presence of the stimulators of particulate guanylate cyclase, ANP or urodilatin.

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