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Anesth Analg. 1997 Aug;85(2):365-71.

A randomized, double-blind, dose-response comparison of epidural fentanyl versus sufentanil analgesia after cesarean section.

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1
Department of General Anesthesiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

This study was designed to determine and compare the dose-response characteristics, speed of onset, and relative potency of single-dose epidural fentanyl (F) and sufentanil (S) for postoperative pain relief. Eighty women undergoing cesarean section (C/S) with epidural 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:200,000) were randomly assigned to receive double-blind epidural administration of F (25, 50, 100, or 200 microg) or S (5, 10, 20, or 30 microg) (n = 10 per group) upon complaint of pain postoperatively. Visual analog scales (VAS, 0-100 mm) were used to assess pain and sedation at baseline; at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, and 60 min; and every 30 min until further analgesia was requested. The study was terminated at 30 min if satisfactory analgesia was not achieved. Side effects were recorded. A dose-response was demonstrated for both opioids. F 25 microg and S 5 microg were ineffective, with significantly fewer women achieving VAS scores <10 mm (P < 0.05 compared with F 100 or 200 microg and S 20 or 30 microg). F 100 and 200 microg and S 20 and 30 microg all achieved VAS scores <10 mm in all women with no differences in time to 50% reduction in VAS (mean 11-16 min) and no differences in duration of analgesia (mean 117-138 min). The 50% and 95% effective dose values for each opioid to achieve a VAS score <10 mm were F 33 microg and 92 microg and S 6.7 microg and 17.5 microg. There were no differences among groups in sedation scores or side effects. Our data suggest that the relative analgesic potency of epidural S:F is approximately 5 and that there are no differences between the opioids in the onset, duration, and effectiveness of analgesia when equianalgesic doses are administered postoperatively after lidocaine anesthesia for C/S.

PMID:
9249115
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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