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Oncogene. 1997 Jul 31;15(5):585-93.

PLC-gamma activation is required for PDGF-betaR-mediated mitogenesis and monocytic differentiation of myeloid progenitor cells.

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Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


To investigate the molecular mechanisms mediating hematopoietic cell differentiation and mitogenesis by activation of the platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor (PDGF-betaR), the wild type PDGF-betaR (PDGF-betaRWT) and tyrosine to phenylalanine mutants of the PDGF-betaR, including F751, F966, F970, F1009, F1021 and F1009/F1021 were overexpressed in FDC-P2 myeloid progenitor cells by retroviral-mediated gene transfer. Stimulation of PDGF-betaRWT and F966, F970 and F1009 infectants with PDGF-BB led to the increased expression of monocytic differentiation markers. In contrast, activation of PDGF-betaR in the parental line or the F1021 or F1009/F1021 mutant infectants failed to induce monocytic differentiation. PDGF-BB stimulation of PDGF-betaRWT, F751, F966, F970 and F1009 infectants led to pronounced DNA synthesis, whereas F1021 and F1009/F1021 infectants did not reveal any increase in mitogenesis when compared to that of the FDC-P2 line. While PDGF stimulation of FDC-P2 cells overexpressing PDGF-betaRWT led to a pronounced increase in inositol phosphate formation due to phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) activation, PDGF-BB induced phosphoinositol hydrolysis was completely abolished in the F1021 and F1009/F1021 infectants. GF 109203X, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) activation, fully blocked PDGF-betaR-mediated monocytic differentiation and mitogenesis. Taken together, these results suggest that stimulation of the PDGF-betaR signaling pathway can mediate monocytic differentiation when PDGF-betaR is expressed at sufficient levels and that activation of PLC-gamma and PKC plays a pivotal role in PDGF-betaR-mediated differentiation and mitogenesis in FDC-P2 cell system.

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