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Microbiology. 1997 Jul;143 ( Pt 7):2145-54.

Conjugative transfer of tet(S) between strains of Enterococcus faecalis is associated with the exchange of large fragments of chromosomal DNA.

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Unité des Agents, Antibactériens, CNRS EP J0058, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


The tetracycline resistance determinant tet(S) was first detected in antibiotic multiresistant Listeria monocytogenes BM4210 and subsequently in strains of Enterococcus faecalis. Transfer of tet(S) from clinical isolate E. faecalis BM4242 to E. faecalis strains JH2-2 and OG1RF was found to require the presence in the donor strain of the 55 kb conjugative plasmid pIP825. Comparison of restriction endonuclease generated maps of the donor, the two recipients, and of four transconjugants indicated that transfer of tet(S) (i) was from chromosome to chromosome, (ii) resulted in the acquisition of an approximately 40 kb element in the same chromosomal region and (iii) was associated with the exchange of large chromosomal fragments. Similar observations were made following conjugal transfer of tet(S) from four other E. faecalis clinical isolates.

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