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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jul 30;236(3):776-81.

Molecular characterization of the promoter region of a neuroendocrine tumor marker, IA-1.

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Oral Infection and Immunity Branch, National Institute of Dental Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


IA-1 is an intronless gene, which encodes a 510 amino acid protein with a zinc-finger DNA-binding motif that is expressed in tumors of neuroendocrine origin. The 5'-upstream region of the IA-1 gene was recently sequenced. In this paper, the regulatory elements and the promoter region of the 5'-upstream region were analyzed by use of a series of deletion mutants (ranging from +26 bp to -2090 bp upstream of the IA-1 gene), which were tested in a pituitary tumor cell line, AtT-20, and Hela cells by transient transfection assays. These experiments showed that a 506 base pair upstream sequence was sufficient for maximal expression of a reporter gene. Multiple known regulatory elements were found within this region including three E boxes and a clustered Sp-1 site. In addition, Southwestern blot analysis, using a radiolabeled promoter sequence (extending from -108 bp to -66 bp) and nuclear extracts from both neuroendocrine and non-neuroendocrine cell lines, revealed four promoter binding proteins designated PBP1, PBP2, PBP3 and PBP4 with molecular weights of 55 kD, 32 kD, 29 kD, and 27/28 kD, respectively. These studies suggest that several different regulatory elements in the 5'-upstream region of the IA-1 gene and at least four different nuclear proteins may be involved in the cell-specific expression of IA-1.

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