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Methods. 1997 Aug;12(4):288-93.

p24 antigen capture assay for quantification of human immunodeficiency virus using readily available inexpensive reagents.

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Laboratory of Persistent, Viral Diseases, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Hamilton, Montana 59840-2932, USA.


Antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantitation of the p24 gag protein of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) is currently the most common method used to demonstrate virus replication both in vivo and in vitro. The present paper describes an ELISA employing readily available inexpensive reagents and gives detailed suggestions for optimizing the variables for specific purposes. The assay is as sensitive as commercial kits (25 pg/ml) and has a linear dose response over a wide range of p24 concentrations (25-1000 pg/ml). For these reasons, as well as its low cost, this assay has proven useful in a variety of research applications. This assay also has been found to be effective in detecting the gag protein of human immunodeficiency virus type-2 and simian immunodeficiency virus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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