Send to

Choose Destination
J Mol Biol. 1997 Aug 1;270(5):688-95.

Tissue-specific expression and alpha-actinin binding properties of the Z-disc titin: implications for the nature of vertebrate Z-discs.

Author information

Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113, Japan.


Titins are giant filamentous proteins which connect Z-discs and M-lines in the sarcomeres of vertebrate striated muscles. Comparison of the N-terminal region of titin (Z-disc region) from different skeletal and cardiac muscles reveals a 900-residue segment which is expressed in different length variants, dependent on tissue type. When searching for ligands of this differentially expressed domain by a yeast-two hybrid approach, we detected binding to alpha-actinin. The isolated alpha-actinin cDNAs were derived from the C-terminal region of the alpha-actinin isoform (alpha-actinin-2) encoded by the ACTN2 gene. Therefore, the two antiparallel subunits of an alpha-actinin-2 homodimer will attach to actin at their respective C termini, whereas they will bind to the Z-disc titin at their N termini. This may thus explain how alpha-actinins can cross-link antiparallel titin and thin filaments from opposing sarcomeres. The alpha-actinin-2 binding site of the Z-disc titin is located within a sequence of 45-residue repeats, referred to as Z-repeat region. Both the N-terminal and C-terminal Z-repeats have alpha-actinin binding properties and are expressed in all striated muscles. By contrast, the more central Z-repeats are expressed in slow and fast skeletal muscles, as well as embryonic and adult cardiac muscles, in different copy numbers. Such alternative splicing of the Z-disc titin appears to be important for the tissue and fibre type diversity of the Z-disc lattice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center