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Anal Biochem. 1997 Aug 1;250(2):157-61.

Enzymatic treatment to eliminate the extracellular ATP for improving the detectability of bacterial intracellular ATP.

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Research & Development Division, Kikkoman Corporation, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan.


A novel and effective treatment of biological samples with a combination of adenosine phosphate deaminase and apyrase was developed for reducing extracellular ATP, which has been a major problem encountered in improving the sensitivity of assays for intracellular ATP by the firefly luciferin-luciferase (L-L) method. Under the enzymatic reaction conditions, ATP and the related adenosine derivatives were converted to IMP, which are not active to the L-L system. In the model system (3.2 x 10(-8) M ATP in 1% yeast extract solution) the treatment with adenosine phosphate deaminase resulted in the reduction of ATP to 1.3 x 10(-11) M, and the concomitant use of apyrase lowered the concentration to 3.3 x 10(-13) M. The treatment (0.05 U/ml of adenosine phosphate deaminase and apyrase) was applied to the detection of bacteria in broth by the L-L method, affording the detection of 42 colony-forming unit (CFU)/ml of Escherichia coli and 10 CFU/ml of Staphylococcus aureus in the broth.

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