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Cell. 1997 Jul 25;90(2):293-301.

Deletion of SHIP or SHP-1 reveals two distinct pathways for inhibitory signaling.

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Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Immunology, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Two signaling molecules have been implicated in the modulation of immune receptor activation by inhibitory coreceptors: an inositol polyphosphate 5'-phosphatase, SHIP, and a tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-1. To address the necessity, interaction, or redundancy of these signaling molecules, we have generated SHP-1- or SHIP-deficient B cell lines and determined their ability to mediate inhibitory signaling. Two distinct classes of inhibitory responses are defined, mediated by the selective recruitment of SHP-1 or SHIP. The Fc gammaRIIB class of inhibitory signaling is dependent on SHIP and not SHP-1; conversely, the KIR class requires SHP-1 and not SHIP. The consequence of this selective recruitment by inhibitory receptor engagement is seen in BCR-triggered apoptosis. SHP-1-mediated inhibitory signaling blocks apoptosis, while SHIP recruitment attenuates a proapoptotic signal initiated by Fc gammaRIIB.

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