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Zentralbl Bakteriol. 1997 Jun;286(1):46-55.

Cell wall-deficient forms (L-forms) of Listeria monocytogenes in experimentally infected rats.

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Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia.


Experimental infections were induced with different bacterial forms of Listeria monocytogenes: parental (S-forms), protoplastic (L-forms) and combined inoculum of both forms by i.p. injection of rats. The parental bacterial forms (S-forms) were isolated up to 7 days after challenge from the peritoneal cavity and the liver, while the L-forms were isolated up to 60 days from the peritoneal cavity. Continuous adhesion of L-forms on the peritoneal macrophage surface was found by scanning-electron microscopy. Erythrocyte and leucocyte count as well as some clinical chemistry parameters were measured during infections. They showed different dynamics in the three experimental groups. Histomorphological changes in the liver (microabscesses and mononuclear cellular granulomas) of infected animals were observed. They were less intensive and appeared later in rats infected with L-forms. The experiments demonstrated that infections caused by parental bacterial forms and by combined inoculum took an acute course, while the infection caused by L-forms could be distinguished as a prolonged and persistent one.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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