Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Radiol. 1997 Jul;52(7):516-26.

Dynamic MR imaging of the breast combined with analysis of contrast agent kinetics in the differentiation of primary breast tumours.

Author information

1
Centre for MR Investigations, University of Hull, Hull Royal Infirmary, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess dynamic Gd-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of primary breast pathology, and to test the hypothesis that analysis of contrast agent kinetics increases specificity.

METHODS:

Forty-seven women underwent breast MR imaging using three-dimensional and dynamic spoiled gradient-recalled sequences. Image interpretation was based on the evaluation of lesion conspicuity, signal intensity, contour and enhancement pattern from the static acquisitions. Assessment of contrast kinetics was based on pixel-by-pixel analysis of the dynamic data. A two-compartment model described by three parameters (amplitude of uptake, exchange rate and washout rate), and a three-compartment model described by two parameters (permeability and exchange rate) were used. Regions of interest were drawn for all lesions found in the dynamic sections. Mean regional pixel values were calculated for each parameter and tested for diagnostic efficacy.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two malignant and 36 benign lesions were examined. Fibroadenomas accounted for 86% of the benign tumours. Image interpretation had a sensitivity of 0.95 and specificity of 0.86. The fat-suppressed post-contrast images permitted good visualization of the contour and matrix characteristics of fibroadenomas, but all non-fibroadenomatous benign lesions were classified as indeterminate or suspicious. Significant differences were found between benign and malignant lesions in the amplitude of uptake (P = 0.0008) and exchange rate (P < 0.00005) of the two-compartment model, and permeability (P=0.0001) and exchange rate (P < 0.00005) of the three-compartment model. However, image interpretation was superior to the isolated use of quantitative indices (P=0.02). The most discriminating parameters were the exchange rates of both models, with no significant difference between them.

CONCLUSION:

Assessment of lesion morphology is essential and probably sufficient for the differentiation of fibroadenomas from malignant tumours. However, specificity of conventional MR imaging may be much lower for other types of primary benign breast pathology. Analysis of Gd-DTPA kinetics improves the specificity obtained using simple enhancement measurements and can be used to produce parametric images that provide information about lesion heterogeneity, permeability and vascularity.

PMID:
9240704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center