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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1997 Jun;57(1-2):1-11.

Immunophenotype of the canine transmissible venereal tumour.

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Département des Sciences Cliniques, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon, Marcy l'Etoile, France.


The canine transmissible venereal tumour is a naturally occurring contagious round-cell neoplasia which is primarily located in the mucous membrane of the external genitalia in dogs of either sex. In order to specify the controversial cytogenetic origin of this round-cell tumour, 14 cases of canine transmissible venereal tumour, formalin- or Bouin-fixed and paraffin-embedded, were subjected to extensive immunophenotypic analysis using reagents specific to a variety of cytoplasmic or surface antigens: lysozyme, ACM1 antigen, vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, glial fibrillary acidic protein, desmin, alpha smooth muscle actin, CD3, IgG, kappa and lambda light chains, and keratin. Lysozyme immunoreactivity was detected in all cases, ACM1 antigen in 11 of 14, neuron-specific enolase in 11 of 14, vimentin in 10 of 14, glial fibrillary acidic protein in 4 of 14 and desmin in 1 of 14. All the sections were negative to keratins, alpha smooth muscle actin and CD3, whereas in five cases, perivascular tumour cells contained Ig G, kappa and lambda light chains. The immunoreactivity to lysozyme and ACM1 antigen supports the hypothesis of a histiocytic immunophenotype for the canine transmissible venereal tumour.

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