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Biomaterials. 1997 Aug;18(15):1037-41.

Osteoclastic resorption of calcium phosphate ceramics with different hydroxyapatite/beta-tricalcium phosphate ratios.

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UPRES 2159, Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire, Nantes, France.


To study the influence of calcium phosphate ceramic solubility on osteoclastic resorption, neonatal rabbit bone cells were cultured for 2 days on hydroxyapatite (HA), beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) and two types of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) with HA/beta-TCP ratios of 25/75 and 75/25. Solubility was regulated by varying the ratio of less-soluble HA and more-soluble beta-TCP. After removal of stromal cells by pronase E treatment, ceramic surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Osteoclasts resorbed BCP most extensively, with an HA/beta-TCP ratio of 25/75, producing typical lobulated, zig-zag track-like resorption lacunae. On pure beta-TCP, which had the highest solubility in acid, osteoclasts formed smaller discontinuous island-like lacunae. The resorption pattern may have been modified by the large number of calcium ions released into the acidic microenvironment at the osteoclast-ceramic interface. No resorption lacunae were found on the other specimens. The extent of osteoclastic resorption of calcium phosphate ceramics might, to a certain degree, be proportional to solubility, although this was not the case when solubility was very high. It would appear that ceramic solubility influences osteoclast resorption activity.

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