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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 May 28;817:225-40.

Management of childhood obesity in pediatric practice.

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Child Health Center, American Health Foundation, Valhalla, New York 10595, USA.


Evaluation of obese children and adolescents in the pediatric office or clinic should include baseline assessment of weight for height and body fatness; rule out endocrine and genetic causes of obesity; and evaluate other health-risk factors, such as those for cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and hypertension. Treatment of obesity is most successful if realistic goals are set; a balanced low-fat/high-fiber diet is stressed; a safe rate of weight loss of 1 to 2 pounds per week is achieved through a moderate reduction of caloric intake (approximately 20-25% decrease); increased physical activity is stressed as much as diet; parental support is strong; and behavior therapy is provided during the course of treatment to help both child and parent achieve the diet, exercise, and behavior goals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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