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FEBS Lett. 1997 Jun 30;410(2-3):356-60.

Molecular cloning of a novel phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1 (CPI17) in smooth muscle: its specific localization in smooth muscle.

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Division of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


The cDNA encoding a phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) was isolated from a porcine aorta library. The coding region represented the complete amino acid sequence of this protein comprised of a novel 147-residue polypeptide, which we termed CPI17, a 17-kDa PKC-potentiated inhibitory protein of PP1. As well as the native CPI17 from porcine aorta, the recombinant protein completely suppressed the PP1 activity (IC50 = 0.18 nM) by the stoichiometric thiophosphorylation. The CPI17 mRNA is expressed in smooth muscle tissues such as aorta and bladder, whereas little expression was observed in heart, skeletal muscle, and non-muscle tissues. These results suggest a specific regulatory mechanism of the PP1 activity through CPI17 in smooth muscle.

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